PO RUSSKI POLSKI FRANCAIS DEUTSCH ENGLISH ČESKY ÚVODNÍ STRANA KONGRESOVA TURISTIKA AKTIVNI DOVOLENA CIRKEVNI PAMATKY KOUZLO HRADU A ZAMKU LAZNE ZLATA PRAHA KRALOVEHRADECKY KRAJ LIBERECKY KRAJ USTECKY KRAJ MORAVSKOSLEZSKY KRAJ ZLINSKY KRAJ OLOMOUCKY KRAJ JIHOMORAVSKY KRAJ PARDUBICKY KRAJ KRALOVEHRADECKY KRAJ LIBERECKY KRAJ VYSOCINA PRAHA STREDOCESKY KRAJ USTECKY KRAJ JIHOCESKY KRAJ PLZENSKY KRAJ KARLOVARSKY KRAJ FOLKLORNÍ SDRUZENÍ ČESKÉ REPUBLIKY CESKY ROZHLAS BESKYDY-VALASSKO SLEZSKA HARTA CZECH TOURISM
Wednesday 17.07.2019
Search
  Search centre
Czech Republic Index
BASIC INFORMATION
  Basic facts about Czech Republic
The best of Czech
Regions in Czech Republic
Tourist regions
Turistické oblasti
Towns and municipalities
Euroregions
Microregions and associations
Picturesque regions
ACTUALITIES AND EVENTS
  Actualities
Action databank
Folk activities and festivals
Tourist activities
PRAGUE - HEART OF EUROPE
  City of PRAGUE
Prague information centres
Calendar of activities in Prague
Balneology
  Spas
Health insurance
Congress Tourism
  Exhibitions and exhibition grounds
Congress centres
Exhibitions and promotion
Congresses and conferences
Fairs and exhibitions
Tourism and leisure time
  Information centres
Culture and entertainment
UNESCO sights
Sights and architecture
Ecclesiastical monuments
Castles and chateaux
Active holiday
Hiking
Rural tourism
Cycling tourism
Water tourism and sports
Wine tourism
Sport and relaxation
Czech Tourists Club
Travel offices
Folklore and Traditions
  Folklorní sdružení
Folk ensembles
Folk festivals
Folk traditions and customs
Folk craft and products
Nature and its protection
  Biosférická rezervace UNESCO
Protected landscape areas
Natural points of interest
Caves and abysses
Vrcholy, hřebeny, sedla
Fauna a flora
Nature trails
Accommodation & dining
  Car-camping, camping site
Hotels, Boarding houses
Chaty a chalupy
Recreation areas
Further accommodation
Restaurants
Příjemné posezení
Gastronomic specialities
Commerce and services
  Services for motorists
Shopping centres
BUSINESS PROMOTION
  Investment opportunities
Financial sector and insurance
Properties for sale
Industrial production
Food production

Fauna

The high species diversity of plant communities in the four altitudinal belts and in the azonal habitats of the cirques is decisive for the composition of the fauna. The current animal communities have successively developed in the course of about 12,000 years since the last Ice Age. Lower mountain elevations are characterized by typical Euro-Siberian species from the broad-leaved forest belt. Elevations above 800 m belong to the Variscan zoogeographic province (taiga belt), with an increasing number of genuine mountain species living at higher altitudes. The well-developed subalpine belt and the alpine belt of the summits provide suitable habitats for many cold-preferring northern species. The occurrence of these glacial relics derives from the geographic situation of the Krkonoše Mountains and local conditions during glaciation.

Four big species of beasts of prey were extirpated from the mountain forests by people during last few centuries - the bear, lynx, wolf and wild cat. Commonly found animals are now deer and red-deer, badger, fox, marten and in the lower locations plenty of boars. However, the most frequent fauna are birds - e.g. Chaffink, Crossbill, Siskin, Nutcracker, Black Woodpecker and some big tit species, rarely the Black Stork, among the birds of prey can be counted the Common Buzzard, Goshawk, Sparrow Hawk, and even rarely Lesser Spotted Eagle. Among the owl family we can spot the Tawny Owl, Long-cared Owl, and Tengmalm's Owl. Among the invertebrates there are frequently species of satyr butterflies and brushfooted butterflies, ground beetle (Carabus silvestris), Violet Ground beetle and Golden ground beetle (Carabus auronitens), one of the biggest European weevils (Liparus glabrirostris), and longhorned beetles or longicorn beetles.

There are quite different fauna to be found in the dwarf pine stands, on the mountain meadows and subarctic peatbogs. The Water and Meadow Pipit represent birds and in the past the glacial relic Dotterel was frequent here along with the minute bird of prey Merlin. On the contrary, in the last decade the Bluethrot and Redpoll have been occurring in greater numbers here. As far as mammals are concerned, the glacial relic alpine shrew lives in the mountain meadows, now and then you can see a lizard or a wiper that can even rarely occur in its black form.

The stony places and block screes are home for the Black Redstart, Wheatear and Kestrel, and even rarely for Alpine Accentor. They say in Kotelní jámy a beautifully colored Rock Thrush makes its home. Malá Sněžná jáma is a well-known locality of the glacial relic whorl snail (Vertigo arctica) and of Gyllenhal Ground Beetle (Nebria gyllenhali). Dippers, White and Grey Wagtails and Kingfishers live in the vicinity of the mountain brooks. Due to the strong acidity and chemical changes to the running water (imissions) trout have been lost from many of Krkonoše' mountain brooks.

On the surface of snow cover some organisms, especially insects have found their home, for example: Snow Flea, and some stonefly species. The dark coloring of the snow surface need not always be caused by dust, needle-leaves or bark fragments, but also by the accumulation of minute springtails that also belong the the group of chionophilous animals. The occasional green, yellow or red coloring of firn snow cover is the work of some chionophilous algae.

Glacial Relics
In comparison to the nearest Central European mountains, the proportion of glacial relics in the fauna of Krkonoše is high. Relic invertebrates include the arctic whorl snail (Vertigo arctica), Sudetic wolf spider (Acantholycosa norvegica sudetica), dragonflies (Somatochlora alpestris, Aeschna coerulea), mayfly (Ameletus inopinatus), ground beetles (Nebria gyllenhali, Amara erratica), and several geographically isolated species of butterflies, beetles, two-winged flies and water mites. Relic vertebrates include ring ouzel (Turdus torquatus), redpoll (Carduelis flammea), red-spotted bluethroat (Luscinia svecica svecica), dotterel (Eudromias morinellus) and field vole (Microtus agrestis) which is currently dominant in the stands affected by air pollution. The wealth of the Giant Mountains’ fauna is still unknown in many fields, especially in the group of invertebrates and the further intensive zoologic research promises many more surprises

LOKALIZACE


Type: Fauna
LAST MODIFY: Jana Holáňová (Beskydy-Valašsko, regionální agentura CR) org. 2, 10.09.2004 v 14:36 hodin
Copyright 1998-2019 © www.infoSystem.cz,
součást prezentačního a rezervačního systému Doménová koule ®
VELETRHY
    FOLKLORNÍ AKCE A FESTIVALY
      TURISTIKA